The formation of the teeth already takes place in the fetus around the third month of pregnancy of the mother but it is only around the 6-8 months of the baby's life that the first milk teeth begin to appear, also called "deciduous" because they are destined to fall out for then be replaced by permanent ones. In fact, however, the eruption times are quite variable: there are children who begin to have their first teeth as early as three months, while for others, teeth may appear even around the age of one.
For a healthy mouth and the development of a healthy, cavity-free dentition, specialists suggest starting oral hygiene very early, beginning in the first months of a child's life.
Milk teeth need to be cared for, as the health of permanent teeth depends on them as well, and if your child gets used to taking care of oral hygiene from an early age, he or she will be better protected from the risk of cavities and tartar in the years to come.
From the age of 3 months, the baby's gums begin the phase of preparation for the eruption of the first teeth. The area of the gum around the tooth that is about to erupt begins to swell, becomes inflamed and causes pain. At this time, the child feels discomfort and pain at the same time, caused mainly by the bacterial load that attacks the gum, which at that moment is more subject to the attack of bacteria present in the oral cavity. The child feels the desire to bite and tries to alleviate the pain with a natural massaging action.
After each feeding, passing the gum cleaner over the upper and lower arch of the mouth, gently massaging the surface and sides, helps to remove the bacterial plaque responsible for the inflammatory action of the gums and gives relief to irritated gums. If the first teeth have come in, the rubber bristles help to gently brush the surface.
The importance of lingual hygiene
The tongue cleaner with its slightly raised surface helps to remove milk residues; the tongue with its rough and papillose upper part retains food residues and represents the ideal ecosystem for bacteria that can multiply and sometimes give rise to annoying irritations or inflammatory processes. Clinical studies show that regular use of tongue cleaners reduces the bacterial layer on the tongue by up to 30-40%, thus greatly reducing strongly the risk of infectious pathologies. Cleaning must be carried out by passing a small piece of gauze from the initial part of the tongue (towards the throat) towards the tip of the tongue and never vice versa, taking care not to apply too much pressure which could make the child nervous, especially the first few times.
The use of the toothbrush
Towards the first year of age, it is important to accustom the child to using the toothbrush twice a day. At this stage, toothpaste is not necessary; subsequently, around 2 years of age, it is recommended to use 1000ppm of fluorinated toothpaste, the dose equal to the size of a grain of rice.
This is the most powerful caries prevention measure
To be effective, brushing must be supervised by the parent until the child is of school age and therefore able to brush his teeth independently having learned how to clean all surfaces.
The toothbrush must look with its tips towards the gum resting at 45° on the collar of the tooth. Once positioned, it vibrates for a few seconds on the teeth to disorganize the plaque present.
The technology of sonic electric toothbrushes differs greatly from normal.
Battery-powered electric toothbrushes (with rotary movement) for the effectiveness in cleaning and for the vertical movement of the bristles that faithfully reproduces the action recommended by dentists for a superior capacity in removing residues and plaque.
The Nuvita toothbrush with Sonic technology at 16000 vibrations per minute and soft bristles in nylon DuPont is 5 times more effective than a normal electric toothbrush for an optimal cleaning of the teeth.
When using the toothbrush, a vibration every 30 seconds indicates the time to devote to each half of the dental arch while in the head handle there is a LED light that lights up for 2 minutes to indicate the total brushing time necessary for correct oral hygiene.